In his book Outliers, Malcolm Gladwell says that it takes roughly ten thousand hours to gain expertise in any field. So how does Gladwell arrive at this conclusion? If the author's conclusion is correct, how can we apply this idea to our own business?

Violinists in Berlin

In the early 1990s, a team of psychologists in Berlin, Germany organized a study on violin students. Psychologists, especially students; They focused on violin study habits in childhood, adolescence and adulthood. All participants were asked the following question: "How many hours have you studied the violin since you first picked up the violin?"

Almost all violinists started their careers at the age of five, with similar working hours. But at the age of eight, daily working hours were beginning to vary. While it was observed that violinists, whom we can consider as elite, worked for an average of 10 thousand hours until the age of twenty, it was revealed that violinists, whom we can call less competent, had only 4 thousand hours of working experience.

So, as we can see, more successful violinists doubled their colleagues in terms of working hours.

Striving to work willingly

We cannot say that the elite are heavier than others. After a certain point, the elite are so in love with what they do that they want to engage in little else.

An elite software programmer is someone who spends a whole day writing code at work and then programming open source software in his spare time.
An elite footballer is someone who watches old football matches when he gets home after training all day on the field with his teammates.

An eminent doctor is someone who listens to medical broadcasts in his car on his way home.

The elites love what they do so much that what they do after a certain period of time does not seem like work to them.

Study helps you improve

The Beatles, an unknown high school rock band in 1960, went to Hamburg, Germany, and began performing in local music clubs there.

The money they earned in Germany was very little. Music systems were disastrous. The audience was not showing the group the attention it deserved. So what did the band members take from the Hamburg experience? Of course, hours of music work. The band sometimes played so long that it naturally became more competent over time.
 
As The Beatles members improved their skills, the audience began to demand more performance from them, which gave the group more opportunities to work. In 1962, the band performed eight hours each night of the week. Until 1964, when they took the international stage, the band members had performed more than 1200 concerts together. If we compare this number with today's bands, we can say that most groups have not given 1200 concerts in their entire career.

They were running from home to write code

We all know how Microsoft was set up. Bill Gates and Paul Allen dropped out of college to form the company in 1975. Of course everything seems pretty simple: drop out of college, open a company and become a billionaire, right? Unfortunately, life is not that easy.

Research has revealed that Gates and Allen worked thousands of hours on programming before establishing Microsoft. The two met at an upper-class private school in Seattle called Lakeside. The school bought a computer terminal in 1968, raising three thousand dollars for the computer club.

In 1968, it was extremely difficult to see a computer terminal even in a university. Gates, on the other hand, had this opportunity in the eighth grade. As a matter of fact, both Gates and Allen soon became addicted to programming.

The Gates family lived near the University of Washington. Gates used to run away from home at night to use the university's computers in order to feed his programming addiction that he could not avoid in his youth. Gates and Allen achieved 10,000 hours of work with these and similar clever plans. The two were ready for anything when they decided to start Microsoft in 1975.

Innate talent: not important

One of the impressive aspects of the work was that no "gifted" person stood out. If this were the case, we could expect some "talented" violinists to reach the elite level with less time than anyone else. But the data showed the opposite. Psychologists have revealed a direct correlation between the time devoted to the study and achievement achieved. So there is no shortcut to success, and innate talent alone is not enough to achieve success.

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